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EOHCB: 13 Fundamental Aspects of Managing Finances for Businesses



For Business owners, grasping the basics of finance is imperative for their venture's success and continuity. Effective financial management stands as a cornerstone, influencing decision-making, growth plans, and the overall well-being of the business.


Financial Literacy forms the cornerstone of proficient financial management. Acquaint yourself with fundamental financial terminology, principles, and financial statements to make well-informed business judgments.


Formulating a realistic budget will serve as a fundamental element in managing your business's cash flow.


Monitoring and managing your cash flow is indispensable. Ensure adequate liquidity to meet operational costs and anticipate fluctuations in cash flow.


Attain a foundational comprehension of key financial statements: the income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement. These statements furnish insights into your business's profitability, financial standing, and liquidity.


Evaluate your business's profitability by scrutinizing your gross profit margin, net profit margin, and return on investment.


13 Fundamental aspects of managing finances for Businesses:


1. Maintain a Reserve of Extra Cash:

Ensure your business has sufficient funds set aside to handle unforeseen financial challenges. Experts recommend keeping at least three to six months' worth of expenses readily available to address emergencies.


2. Calculate Profit Margins and Cost of Goods Sold:

Thoroughly assess the expenses associated with your products or services to determine appropriate pricing that covers costs and generates profit. This includes accounting for payroll, operational expenses, packaging, logistics, and shipping costs.


3. Track Expenses Methodically:

Maintain a clear understanding of where your business is spending money by diligently tracking all expenditures. Categorising expenses can aid in implementing effective controls and assessing overall profitability.


4. Prepare for Tax Season Continuously:

Keep your financial records organised and up-to-date throughout the year to streamline the tax filing process. Recording transactions promptly will save time and effort when preparing tax returns.


5. Manage Employee Documentation:

Payroll Management:

Ensuring accurate and timely payment of salaries and wages to employees, including deductions for taxes, UIF (Unemployment Insurance Fund), and other statutory contributions.

Tax Compliance:

Deducting and paying PAYE (Pay As You Earn) taxes on behalf of employees to the South African Revenue Service (SARS) according to the applicable tax brackets and regulations.

Financial Reporting:

Maintaining proper financial records and preparing financial statements in compliance with South African accounting standards.

Budgeting and Forecasting:

Developing and managing budgets to allocate financial resources efficiently and forecasting future financial performance to inform decision-making.

Compliance with Labour Laws:

Ensuring compliance with relevant labour laws and regulations, including the Basic Conditions of Employment Act, the Labour Relations Act, and sector-specific regulations.

Employee Benefits Administration:

Managing employee benefits such as pension funds, medical aid schemes, and other employee assistance programs in accordance with regulatory requirements and company policies.


6. Maintain Strong Business Credit:

Aim to keep your business credit score healthy to facilitate access to loans, funding, insurance, and real estate purchases. Prioritise debt repayment and avoid high-interest loans to bolster your creditworthiness.


7. Utilise Loans Wisely:

In some cases, taking out loans may be necessary to achieve business objectives. However, exercise caution and ensure timely repayment to safeguard your credit score and improve cash flow.


8. Develop an Efficient Billing Strategy:

Optimise cash flow by implementing a streamlined billing process to facilitate prompt payments from clients. Effective billing practices contribute to overall financial stability.


9. Regularly Review Financial Records:

Allocate time to review accounting records regularly to stay informed about your business's financial status. Whether handled internally or by a bookkeeper, frequent reviews ensure accuracy and compliance.


10. Implement Internal Financial Controls:

Establish protocols to mitigate financial risks and maintain oversight of financial processes. Regular reviews and adherence to established procedures enhance financial management practices.


11. Evaluate Return on Investment (ROI):

Assess the effectiveness of expenditures by considering their return on investment. Focus resources on initiatives that yield favourable returns, maximising profitability.


12. Understand Financial Statements:

Familiarise yourself with key financial documents, including income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements. Interpretation of these statements is crucial for informed decision-making and understanding business performance.


13. Secure Business Insurance:

Protect your business from potential risks and emergencies by investing in appropriate insurance coverage. Consult with an insurance agent to identify policies tailored to your business needs.


For any further information or enquiries please contact the EOHCB representative in your area by clicking HERE.



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